May 11, 2011
CPE members Randy Albelda and Gerald Friedman testified before the Massachusetts legislature’s joint committee on revenue on May 5, 2011 on behalf of “An Act to Invest in our Communities.” This proposal would raise approximately $1.2 for schools and social services in Massachusetts by raising the tax rate on capital gains and interest and dividend income and the income tax rate while simultaneously raising the personal exemption; the net effect would be to raise taxes on households with incomes of over $100,000, especially those with incomes over $500,000 without effecting those earning less. In their testimony, Albelda and Friedman showed that the current fiscal crisis in Massachusetts is the result of decades of tax cutting on the state and federal level combined with the effects of the Great Recession which lowered revenues and raised the demand for state services. They argued that cutting services would be the equivalent of tax increase on the poor and needy; and that maintaining government services through a progressive tax would on balance create jobs. Their testimony was well received by the committee which was attentive and asked many good questions. The very large audience, well over 250 people, in the Massachusetts State House’s Gardner Auditorium showed its support for their testimony by waiving their hands and banners. The audience also broke out in loud applause when Friedman observed that the state could balance its budget in a moment by implementing a single-payer health insurance system that would save as much as $2 billion dollars on state and local government spending.
For more, see Daily Hampshire Gazette article, Hampshire County residents take their appeal for tax reform to Beacon Hill
In a remarkable and historic move, the United Steel Workers union (USW) and Mondragon International announced that they would be working together to establish Mondragon manufacturing cooperatives in the U.S. and Canada. The Mondragon Cooperative Corporation (MCC) is the world’s largest industrial workers cooperative, located in the Basque region of Spain. It employs almost 100,000 workers in 260 cooperative enterprises that include manufacturing, a university, research and development, social security mutual, and retail shops. In 2008, MCC reached annual sales of more than 16 billion euros and is ranked as the top Basque business group, the seventh largest in Spain.
In the cooperative world, Mondragon, despite criticism of the compromises that it has made in the face of globalization, is still the gold standard of success and has inspired many other cooperative initiatives in other countries. In the U.S., for example, Cleveland’s $5.8 million Evergreen Laundry Cooperative start-up, the first in a network of local worker cooperatives, was inspired by the visit of a Cleveland delegation to Mondragon. The development of this cooperative network is envisioned as a way of creating jobs and revitalizing depressed neighborhoods of Cleveland.
In Chicago, the Austin Polytechnic Academy (APA), a public high school, follows in the footsteps of Mondragon. The first industrial cooperative of MCC was started fifty years ago by five graduates of a technical training school under the guidance of a visionary local priest, Father José María Arizmendi, who continued to play a central role in the development of Mondragon until his death in 1976. Austin Polytech prepares its students, almost all of whom are from low-to-moderate income families in an African-American neighborhood, for jobs in Chicago’s high skilled industrial sector, and even more importantly, to become worker owners. Towards this end, they have brought in speakers from the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, another hotbed of successful cooperatives, and a group of APA students are currently on a study tour in Mondragon.
In the Bay Area, the Arizmendi Association of Cooperatives takes its name from Mondragon’s visionary. It is a worker-owned network that provides assistance to new bakeries that are interested in following their successful cooperative business model. There are currently three Arizmendi Bakeries in addition to the original worker-owned Cheeseboard that provided the model and technical assistance for the Arizmendi Association.
It is clear that Mondragon is a source of inspiration for many other initiatives to build economic democracy. The collaboration with the United Steelworkers raises the potential to a whole new sphere of possibilities.
The USW-Mondragon collaboration grew out of a USW ‘green industrial revolution’ project that created a partnership with Gamesa, a Spanish wind turbine firm, to establish production in Pennsylvania by refitting shuttered steel plants. Gamesa is based near Mondragon and it wasn’t long before one thing led to another and the USW-Mondragon connection was made. Discussions and meetings followed over the course of the following year and culminated in this historic agreement to create worker cooperatives in the manufacturing sector, either through worker buy-outs or new start-ups. Other aims include integrating collective bargaining with the cooperative model and exploring co-investing through the USW backed Quebec Solidarity Fund and Mondragon’s Eroski Foundation.
The United Steelworkers (USW) is the largest industrial union in North America, representing 1.2 million members in a diverse range of industries. In a time where labor unions and worker cooperatives have drifted far away from their common roots—when worker cooperatives were seen by some unions as a way to eliminate the class struggle between owner and worker—it is enormously significant for a union of this weight and history to reforge those alliances. It is a signal to the labor union movement as well as the wider public that cooperatives are part of the solution, not some alien phenomenon from a parallel universe. USW spokesman, Rob Witherell said that the collaboration was not a hard sell. Most of their members had been unfamiliar with the concept of worker coops, but once it was explained, they easily ‘got it’ and were very interested. He believes that there is a great potential to expand this project, citing the Blue-Green Alliance, which was launched by the USW and the Sierra Club in 2006 and now numbers 8 million members, as an example of how these initiatives can catch fire.
We continue to see rising unemployment, stagnant wages, cuts in benefits, deteriorating workplace conditions and the hollowing out of our manufacturing sector. This announcement breathes hope of reviving our manufacturing base and rebuilding communities that have been devastated plant closings. Rising oil and transportation prices, combined with the falling dollar are creating the conditions for a manufacturing renaissance in the U.S. Imagine if this renaissance could be infused with, as USW President Leo Gerard said, “Mondragon’s cooperative model with ‘one worker, one vote’ ownership as a means to re-empower workers and make business accountable to Main Street instead of Wall Street.”
And when workers own and run the factories they work in, they’re not likely close up shop at the first sign of stress—in over fifty years of operation, Mondragon has only seen three of its cooperative enterprises fail. Imagine.
1. Mondragon website: http://www.mondragon-corporation.com/language/en-US/ENG.aspx
2. The full text of the agreement is available at http://assets.usw.org/Releases/agree_usw_mondragon.pdf
3. “Can the U.S. Bring Jobs Back from China?” BusinessWeek, 6/19/08 http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_26/b4090038429655_page_3.htm
James Hamilton, at Econbrowser, notes that he’s surprised by the 0.75% increase in average house prices (as measured by the S&P/Case-Shiller Index of twenty cities). He also says he’s skeptical because of the backlog of unsold homes, likely increases in foreclosures, and high, rising unemployment, especially since Calculated Risk is, too. I agree that there’s reason to be skeptical, especially since this rise in prices is likely to be a surge of people cashing in on the Obama stimulus package’s $8,000 tax credit for first-time home buyers, which expires this fall. If prices continue to rise beyond that critical point, I’d say my skepticism (and CR’s and Hamilton’s) are wrong.
Check out this entry from Calculated Risk if you’d like a shot of cold, hard reality about the value of the happy Stress Test predictions. So far, unemployment is exceeding the “more adverse” stress test scenario and already higher than the peak unemployment rate in the baseline scenario. That rough beast slouching towards Bethlehem not to be born, but to die, is Bank of America.
Congressional Budget Office Director Douglas W. Elmendorf summarizes his testimony to Congress (there’s also a link to the pdf file of the full testimony). Unfortunately, the simplest way to ‘distribute the value of carbon allowances,’ to paraphrase Elmendorf, is not mentioned: dividing it up equally. The technical details (division!) have been dealt with before on this blog by Jonathan.Â Why would this obvious alternative be left out? My inner conspiracy theorist whispers that it’s left out to make giving away allowances the most politically viable alternative on the table. After all, why should all those poor folks benefit, when the rest of us have to shell out more at the pump?
Steve Matthews and Michael McKee at Bloomberg seem to think so. But a simple idea occurs to me: if the Fed is really worried that banks will cause inflation by drawing down reserves, can’t the Fed just raise the required reserve ratio (that’s the percentage of a bank’s deposits [your checking account, for example] that it is required to keep in it’s reserve account at the Fed)? This seems too simple. Am I missing something or are Bloomberg’s reporters?
In “A flawed first draft of history“, FT editor Lionel Barber gets history wrong (again). He claims the origins of the financial crisis were too hard to spot even for financial reporters, because they were to be found “in the credit markets, coverage of which in most news organizations counted as a backwater.” All those derivatives and such were the root of the problem. Actually, as some economists predicted,* the origins of the current crisis were to be found inthe bursting of a huge housing bubble (you may have heard of this). The Financial Times, on the other hand, believed Harvard economists who found that the growing number of households in the US meant that the increase in housing prices was warranted. Third time’s a charm!
* I predicted it, too, when I first heard that the Fed was raising interest rates again in 2004. Alas, I have no written proof.
By Patrice Woeppel, Ed.D.
Author of Depraved Indifference: the Workers’ Compensation System
March 16, 2009
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) records 5,488 worker fatalities for 2007, the most recent year for which their data is completed. But the number of worker fatalities recorded by BLS is grossly under-reported.
Worker deaths from toxic exposures, other work illnesses are conservatively estimated by NIOSH and other researchers at 50,00 to 60,000 deaths each year, or ten times the number of fatalities from work injuries.[fn1] [fn2] [fn3] It is a disaster of monumental proportions that goes largely unrecorded. The United States has no comprehensive occupational health data collection system.
As we have lagged behind other nations in our lack of a national comprehensive medical and statistical database on occupational illnesses, occupational injuries; we have lagged behind in the research into the causes and consequences of occupational illnesses that would lead to improved diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and ultimately prevention, of occupational toxic exposures and resultant diseases.
While the United States has set permissible exposure limits on less than 500 of the hundreds of thousands of chemicals in use in workplaces throughout our country, the EU regulates 30,000 chemicals utilized in their workplaces, and many that we allow here have been banned for years in the EU.[fn4] Even the small number of chemicals, upon which exposure limits have been set in the US, are grossly out of date based on more recent scientific data.
It is a major and costly health issue ““ costly in lives, and costly in dollars. The economic burden for occupational illness, injury and death in our country is an estimated $170 billion annually. It is an economic burden that falls mainly on families (44%) and on taxpayers (18%); with only 27%, on average, being paid by workers’ compensation.[fn5]
There has been very little general public awareness of this system that maims and kills with impunity. The time is long overdue to re-evaluate a structure that evolved over one hundred years ago; and which clearly doesn’t meet the needs of seriously injured, ill, or toxic chemical-exposed workers, or the families of workers who died from their work ““ a system that has fostered devastating and lasting damage to families, to communities, to our environment.
Increasingly as a nation, we have been all too willing to push corporate costs onto workers and taxpayers; and all too willing to cut protections for workers, communities.
Occupational illness deaths are now the eighth leading cause of death in the US, more than many of the diseases that receive far more government, public, and media attention.[fn6] We need to right this terrible, continuing American tragedy.
1. Leigh, J. Paul; Markowitz, Steven; Fahs, Marianne; Landrigan, Philip. Costs of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. University of Michigan Press, 2000.
2 U.S. House of Representatives. Hidden Tragedy: Underreporting of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses. A Majority Staff Report by the Committee on Education and Labor. Honorable George Miller, Chairman, June 2008.
3.Steenland, Kyle; Burnett, Carol; Lalich, Nina; et al.Dying for Work: The Magnitude of US Mortality From Selected Causes of Death Associated With Occupation, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol 43, pp 461-482, 2003.
4. Regulation EC 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), http://eur-lex.europa.eu.
5. op. cit. Leigh, et al, 2000.
6. LaDou, J., M.D. Occupational and Environmental Medicine in the United State: A Proposal to Abolish Workers’ Compensation and Reestablish the Public Health Model, International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine in the United States. 2006; 12 (2) 154-168; and US Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Vital Statistics System, National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol 53, Number 5. Deaths: Final Data for 2002, Table 10 and Worktable I, pp. 1585, 1634, 1662, 1703, 2220-2224, at cdc.gov/hchs/data/dvs/mortfinal2002_workipt2.pdf.
What gives with this morning’s NPR “Morning Edition” story about banks that are choosing to steer clear of TARP bailout money? Reporter Jim Zarroli mostly profiles the Johnson Financial Group, a bank that at first applied for $100 million, then decided not to take it after all once it learned the details of the the strings that come attached, saying that this bank is just one example of many that represent a “mini rebellion” against the TARP program. As the president of Johnson Financial Group says directly, and as Zarroli reiterates later in the story, Johnson didn’t need the money! Why in the hell would it be news–or be considered “rebellious”–that a healthy bank would not participate in a welfare program for the financial industry? Why is is conceivably news that TARP is designed to include incentives that encourage banks to pay back money they receive through the program quickly? Though undoubtedly flawed six ways to Sunday, the basic idea behind the TARP bailout is that it provides money to large banks that will otherwise go bankrupt or experience major disruptions–and spread those disruptions to other financial institutions, and through them the rest of the economy–and is designed so that the banks will eventually pay back the government (and so, you and me as taxpayers). Zarroli briefly quoted Rep. Barney Frank in defense of TARP and the strings that it attaches to its payouts, but 98% of the story is just bankers whining about either being forced to bank responsibly or whining about not having access to free taxpayer money, free even of the relatively mild strings that are part of TARP. I guess it needs repeating, though I wouldn’t have thought it necessary:
- TARP money should only be available to banks that actually need it to avoid major business disruptions. That a bank like Johnson, which is in good financial condition, is even allowed to apply for TARP funds is a flaw in TARP. The flaw is not that TARP’s strings cause Johnson to say “no thanks.”
- Banks that take TARP money not only are required, but by all rights should be required to pay back that money in full, and including interest payments to cover the risk that taxpayers are taking that not all TARP recipients will pay back in full after all is said and done. This is banking after all, right?
- Banks that take TARP money should pay back the money sooner rather than later. What’s the advantage to taxpayers for having the banks sit on the money longer than they need it?
No-strings-attached banking is what primed the financial bomb that has now exploded in our faces. Responsible banking practices are needed more then ever, and NPR’s promotion of irresponsible banking propaganda does not help.